Health, Safety & Environment
Journey to ZERO
Journey to ZERO is the Company’s vision to achieve ZERO safety incidents, ZERO environmental incidents and ZERO non-productive time. This vision articulates our priorities to set the highest standards, embrace the challenge and make no compromises in execution.
Our Journey to ZERO is owned by all our people, and is led by a senior-level team focused on improving individual safety, process safety and environmental performance in the delivery of all our services. The HSE and Sustainable Development (SD) Executive Committee is charged with oversight of HSE and SD matters including annual strategies, HSE statistics and the HSE audit program, and is accountable to the Board of Directors’ HSE Committee. The chief HSE officer chairs the Committee, and reports to each meeting of the HSE Committee.
Halliburton Management System
The Halliburton Management System (HMS) supports the execution of programs and policies, and establishes standards, processes, guidelines and work methods that ensure our employees and contractors are equipped with the necessary knowledge to work safely, consistently and effectively. Control Points are used within the HMS to prevent and avoid HSE and SQ incidents by aligning roles and responsibilities so that everyone in the organization understands their part in the execution of our service delivery.
The Halliburton Management System is designed to meet or exceed expectations of regulators, customers and our own internal standards for HSE, while driving continuous improvement and operational efficiencies. Our operations are also conducted in conformance with industry-standard certification programs, including those for quality management (ISO 9001), environmental management (ISO 14001), health and safety management (OHSAS 18001), industry-specific American Petroleum Institute (API) standards for manufacturing and service quality (API Q1 and API Q2) and the API RP 75 standard for offshore safety and environmental management.
Halliburton leads the industry with 38 API Q2-certified facilities, located in 12 countries.
Communicating and Addressing Risk
Our primary methods of managing HSE risks are through our global Stop Work Authority, Management of Change, Crisis Management and Emergency Response, and Incident Investigation and Causal Analysis programs.
Stop Work Authority
All employees and contractors have the authority – and the responsibility – to stop a task if they observe an unsafe action or condition at a worksite or have a concern regarding the control of an HSE or SQ risk. In 2019, the number of SWA reports increased due to an improved understanding of the SWA process and the availability of the OneView program.
Management of Change
Our Management of Change (MOC) process is designed to control change-related risk when we identify new risks or adjust the operations plan. The process requires that all operational and process changes be planned, reviewed and approved before implementation. Continuous improvement in the Halliburton Management System and execution of our SQ Minimums have enabled us to reduce our non-productive time (NPT) rate by 35 percent in the last five years.
Crisis Management and Emergency Response
Every Halliburton location has a local emergency response plan. These plans include detailed requirements for emergency response, including evacuation plans and medical response. Halliburton also provides access to medical care for all employees, no matter where they are working. Our commitment to safety extends to our contractors who when they work at Halliburton sites must to conform with Company standards.
Incident Investigation and Causal Analysis
We have immediate visibility to high-risk incidents through our Significant Incident Review process, which entails rigorous incident investigation and prioritization, enabling timely and thorough assessments to determine root causes.
HSE and SQ Process Improvement
We are active participants in the development of industry-best HSE management practices that reflect the value of the Halliburton safety culture. In 2019, we refreshed our Halliburton Life Rules to align with the recommendations of the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers. From its launch in September 2019 to the end of the year, 96 percent of Halliburton staff had completed the training on the new Life Rules.
Halliburton is committed to the continuous improvement of our processes to ensure that we have the proper focus and are effectively managing change in the workplace. In recognition of this principle, Halliburton also refreshed communications around our Critical Focus Areas in 2019 to better execute and serve our customers by continuing to achieve best-in-class HSE performance and service delivery.
HSE Training and Competency
All employees are required to complete introductory HSE training to reinforce the Halliburton core value of safety in all that we do. Additional activity-specific employee training, administered through our HSE representatives in all regions, ensures that our employees are empowered with the knowledge necessary to execute their jobs safely and responsibly. For specialty job functions, specific training curricula are embedded in our automated learning management system and linked to individual employees by role to ensure that mandatory training is delivered and completed as required.
Tiered Assurance Program
Our tiered assurance program is a systematic self-verification process consisting of a job-site or location assessment, a management system assessment and global oversight through our Internal Assurance Services (IAS). Results are used to assess and verify that the Halliburton Management System and processes are being implemented in all work locations. In 2019, we performed 1,039 audits under the tiered assurance program.
The continued reduction in our HSE and SQ statistics is due to the dedication of our workforce in implementing the requirements of our Halliburton Management System and in driving a culture of safety as our No. 1 priority. The four fatalities this year are a heavy burden and serve to drive us harder in our pursuit of our goal of zero safety incidents.
At Halliburton, we are committed to mitigating the environmental impacts from our operations. Our vision is to deliver long-term financial value by managing risks and opportunities associated with environmental issues, and to have a positive impact on the communities in which we operate, now and for future generations. This approach is reflected in the reduction in emissions, water consumption, releases to the environment, and recordable incident rates over the last few years.
Our key focus areas under Environmental Stewardship are:
Energy and Climate Change
We are committed to increasing transparency and to participating in industry dialogue about climate change. In 2019, we released our Climate change Position that can be found on the Sustainability page of our website.
At the same time, we revised our data collection and analysis methodologies, expanded the scope of data collection to encompass more facilities, and performed retrospective data evaluations for 2018 using our new data management approach.
Our commitment to reduce our GHG emissions is twofold:
- Seek reduction of direct and indirect GHG emissions from our business operations.
- Assist our customers in effective utilization of our portfolio of products and services to help them reduce their GHG emissions in the development of their hydrocarbon resources.
Halliburton recognizes that water is one of the world’s most valuable resources. Water used at wellsites in activities such as cementing and drilling is purchased and controlled by our customers, and is, therefore, not included in our reporting scope, however we leverage our experience and technologies to help our customers reduce the volume of fresh water utilized in their operations, including hydraulic fracturing. Internally, we address water use at the facility level. Many of our locations are implementing water-reduction projects, such as: heating, ventilating and air-conditioning system optimization; and recycling or reusing water used for process cooling, vehicle washing, chemical blending and landscape irrigation.
At Halliburton, we actively work to minimize waste. Our facilities have waste minimization and management plans that meet and generally exceed local regulations, where required. Reuse of materials is an important component of asset management at Halliburton.and we look at the design, as well as operation and maintenance, of our equipment from the perspective of how much can we can reuse, We audit waste service providers to ensure appropriate waste treatment and disposal.
Releases to the Environment
Our focus is on reducing the number of spills to the environment across all areas of our operations therefore spill reporting is a high priority whatever the reason. This includes spills that result due to Halliburton activities at our facilities and field locations across the globe.
Biodiversity And Land Disturbance
As a service company, the impact of Halliburton on biodiversity and land disturbance is confined to the development of our offices, field camps, chemical facilities and service centers. Our customers are primarily responsible for developing well pads and lease roads and therefore have more control over subsequent impacts on biodiversity and disturbance of land. That said, we take the limited areas of potential impact seriously and incorporate mechanisms to evaluate the potential for harm and implement solutions to minimize and/or offset impacts. As a part of our biodiversity improvement and preservation goals, Halliburton converted 526 acres of one of our remediation projects to a preserved area that permanently protects a ridgeline corridor through the North Carolina Yellow Mountain State Natural Area. We are working with the Southern Appalachian Highlands Conservancy in this endeavor, which secures a 456-acre scenic and wildlife corridor that is critical for plants and migrating animals. Protecting this ridgeline aids climate resiliency in the southern Appalachian Mountains. In addition, we are pilot testing a pollinator habitat on a 2.5-acre area adjacent to a section of the current preservation area.
The challenges of climate change provide us a great opportunity to do what we do best: innovate, collaborate and execute to drive efficiencies and affect change. Our goal is to mitigate climate change risks while continuing to help our customers provide global access to affordable and reliable energy that remains critical to continued economic growth, improvement in the quality of life, and the reduction of poverty in both mature and developing countries.
Key climate-related risks and opportunities for Halliburton can be categorized into the following areas:
- Physical risks.
- Regulatory risks.
- Business risks.
- Environmental risks.
The specific risks and opportunities posed by climate change are identified through our Materiality Assessment; our work with environmental, social and governance (ESG) groups within trade associations; discussions with customers and investors; and our own business risk assessments.
Climate Change: Our Short-Term and Long-Term Priorities
- Assist our customers through the development of products and services that reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the development of their hydrocarbon resources.
- Support our customers in the effective utilization of our portfolio of products and services to help them reduce their GHG emissions.
- Be involved in the development of effective public policies and regulations that are rational, market-based and efficiently addressing climate change priorities.
- Work with suppliers to reduce the environmental impacts throughout our value chain.
- Inform our employees on climate change issues and what actions they can take to reduce GHG emissions at and away from work.
- Include climate strategy in our internal research and development (R&D) and product development processes.
- Work with research bodies and educational institutions to further the development of sustainable solutions for the oil and gas industry.
- Continue to report direct and certain indirect GHG emissions from our business operations through our combined Annual & Sustainability Report and frameworks like CDP (the Carbon Disclosure Project).
Chemical Services, Management and Transparency
Chemical stewardship plays a key role at Halliburton in our overall commitment to sustainability through the responsible management of the products and services that we provide to our customers worldwide.
As a sustainable service provider, Halliburton adheres to five basic chemical stewardship principles:
- Accountability and Leadership.
- Stakeholder Communication and Engagement.
- Risk Management.
- Continuous Improvement.
- Chemical Stewardship Management System.
These chemical stewardship principles ensure that the purchase, use, distribution and development of chemical products are accomplished in a manner that promotes social responsibility, safety and sustainability throughout their life cycle. Halliburton is recognized as an industry leader for the digitization of our Safety Data Sheet (SDS) data and its integration into our Chemical Stewardship Management System.
Our extensive range of chemical solutions combine specialty chemical products and services for maximum performance and efficiency in our customers’ upstream, midstream and downstream operations. Our products and solutions serve our customers in multiple ways:
- Industry-leading chemical solutions for optimum production.
- Mitigation of risk and protection of pipeline integrity by using chemical inhibition programs that minimize internal corrosion.
- Enhanced performance and safety in deepwater systems through customized chemical products and formulations.
- Automated chemical injection and monitoring systems to monitor key performance indicators (KPIs).
- Comprehensive analysis at locations, using fully equipped Technical Service Response Units.